There is a lot of discussion around TDP that misunderstands what the number means:
Thermal Design Power (TDP) is the expected amount of heat the system is expected to dissipate under a typical load.
Is it a measure of the maximum amount of heat a processor can generate? No.
Is it a reflection of processor power consumption? No, only an indication.
TDP is a manufacturing specification that tells original equipment manufacturer (OEM like Eve) what the level of cooling demand they need to engineer for
- the central processing unit (CPU)/
- system on chip (SoC)/
- accelerated processing unit (APU)/
- graphical/graphics processing unit (GPU)
in order for it to perform to specification under typical operating conditions.
Processor power draw is a very contentious issue as there are many ways to measure power draw. It is incredibly difficult to determine what the power draw is as even minute differences in the processor itself and other components (e.g. motherboard, memory etc.) can make a difference.
There is NO ONE truth about the processor power draw. Probably just alternate facts, ha ha...
Here's an example: Tom's Hardware tested Intel Core 7700K processor in Germany and the USA with the same methodology and the power draw difference was 18 watts.
Tom's Hardware had the following power draw figures: Germany 137 watts and USA 119 watts. And in Anandtech's review the processor consumed 90 watts. And Intel Core 7700K processor's TDP is 91 watts...
I've read about an Intel Xeon processor with a TDP of 145 watts that actually consumed some 400 watts with an advanced vector extension (AVX) test.
So, TDP is not the same as power draw, period.
What the actual power draw is, depends on so many factors that there are as many answers as there are processors and reviewers.
In certain conditions, the power draw is ALWAYS larger than the TDP.